A hook that handles asynchronous calls.

  • Create a custom hook that takes a handler function, fn.
  • Define a reducer function and an initial state for the custom hook’s state.
  • Use the React.useReducer() hook to initialize the state variable and the dispatch function.
  • Define a run function that will run the provided callback, fn, while using dispatch to update state as necessary.
  • Return an object containting the the properties of state (value, error and loading) and the run function.

代码实现

const useAsync = (fn) => {
  const initialState = { loading: false, error: null, value: null };
  const stateReducer = (_, action) => {
    switch (action.type) {
      case 'start':
        return { loading: true, error: null, value: null};
      case 'finish':
        return { loading: false, error: null, value: action.value};
      case 'error':
        return { loading: false, error: action.error, value: null};
    }
  }

  const [state, dispatch] = React.useReducer(stateReducer, initialState);

  const run = async (args = null) => {
    try {
      dispatch({ type: 'start' });
      const value = await fn(args);
      dispatch({ type: 'finish', value });
    } catch (error) {
      dispatch({ type: 'error', error });
    }
  };

  return { ...state, run };
};

使用样例

const RandomImage = props => {
  const imgFetch = useAsync(url => fetch(url).then(response => response.json())); 

  return (
    <div>
      <button
        onClick={() => imgFetch.run('https://dog.ceo/api/breeds/image/random')}
        disabled={ imgFetch.isLoading }
      >
        Load image
      </button>
      <br/>
      { imgFetch.loading && <div>Loading...</div> }    
      { imgFetch.error && <div>Error { imgFetch.error }</div> }
      { imgFetch.value && <img src={ imgFetch.value.message } alt="avatar" width={400} height="auto" />}
    </div>
  );
};

ReactDOM.render(<RandomImage />, document.getElementById('root'));