Returns the highest index at which value should be inserted into array in order to maintain its sort order.

Check if the array is sorted in descending order (loosely).
Use Array.prototype.reverse() and Array.prototype.findIndex() to find the appropriate last index where the element should be inserted.

代码片段

const sortedLastIndex = (arr, n) => {
  const isDescending = arr[0] > arr[arr.length - 1];
  const index = arr.reverse().findIndex(el => (isDescending ? n <= el : n >= el));
  return index === -1 ? 0 : arr.length - index;
};

使用样例

sortedLastIndex([10, 20, 30, 30, 40], 30); // 4