The Safe Navigation Operator helps with preventing null-reference exceptions in component template expressions. It returns object property value if it exists or null otherwise.

<p> I will work even if student is null or undefined: {{student?.name}} </p>

Bonus

{{a?.b?.c}} 

Underneath will be compiled to.

(_co.a == null)? null: ((_co.a.b == null)? null: _co.a.b.c));

file:app.component.ts

import { Component } from '@angular/core';

@Component({
  selector: 'my-app',
  template: `
    This code will generate an error:
    <p> {{student.name}} </p>

    This code will work correctly:
    <p> {{student?.name}} </p>
  `
})
export class AppComponent {
    student: {name: string, otherProperties: any} | null = null
}

file:app.module.ts

import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
@NgModule({
  imports: [BrowserModule],
  declarations: [AppComponent],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule {}

翻译自:https://www.30secondsofcode.org/angular/s/safe-navigation-operator

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