Groups the elements of an array based on the given function and returns the count of elements in each group.

Use Array.prototype.map() to map the values of an array to a function or property name.
Use Array.prototype.reduce() to create an object, where the keys are produced from the mapped results.

代码片段

const countBy = (arr, fn) =>
  arr.map(typeof fn === 'function' ? fn : val => val[fn]).reduce((acc, val) => {
    acc[val] = (acc[val] || 0) + 1;
    return acc;
  }, {});

使用样例

countBy([6.1, 4.2, 6.3], Math.floor); // {4: 1, 6: 2}
countBy(['one', 'two', 'three'], 'length'); // {3: 2, 5: 1}