Returns the difference between two lists, after applying the provided function to each list element of both.

Create a set by applying fn to each element in b, then use list comprehension in combination with fn on a to only keep values not contained in the previously created set, _b.

代码实现

def difference_by(a, b, fn):
  _b = set(map(fn, b))
  return [item for item in a if fn(item) not in _b]

使用样例

from math import floor
difference_by([2.1, 1.2], [2.3, 3.4], floor) # [1.2]
difference_by([{ 'x': 2 }, { 'x': 1 }], [{ 'x': 1 }], lambda v : v['x']) # [ { x: 2 } ]